SS7CG4The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.
a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.
b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.
c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and
Three Ways Government Systems Distribute Power
Unitary - a form of government in which power is held by one central authority (government: communism, monarchy…)
Confederation - voluntary associations of independent states that, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their power (organizations: OPEC, UN, EU)
Federal - a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities (government: republic, democracy)
Autocratic - government in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role in the government.
Oligarchic - government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes, the citizen has a very limited role.
Democratic - a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
How Governments Determine Citizen Participation -Democratic Governments
Parliamentary - a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature. May have a Prime Minister elected by the legislature. (2 Branches: Legislative and Executive)
Presidential - a system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature (3 Branches: Legislative, Judicial, Executive)
SS7CG5 The student will explain the structures of the national governments of Southwest Asia
a. Compare the parliamentary democracy ofthe State of Israel, the monarchy of the Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia, and the theocracy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, distinguishing the form of
leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.
Middle East Governments
Saudi Arabia - an absolute monarchy with the king
(currently King Abdullah) as the leader of the nation. Has announced that some
limited elections for the legislature will be held some time in the future.
Role of citizen is to obey the king.
Chief of state includes the name and title of the leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions, but who may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government.
Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government.
Federal Republic – A division of powers between the national "federal" government, and the government of the individual subdivisions. National security and defense, monetary policy, and other issues of a "national" scope are handled at the "federal" level while more local issues such as road and infrastructure maintenance and education policy are handled at the local level.
Constitutional Monarchy - a political system in which the head of state is a king or queen ruling to the extent allowed by a constitution
Communist State – any system of government in which a single, usually totalitarian, party holds power and the state controls the economy
Distribution of Power: Unitary, Confederation, and Federal
Citizen Participation: Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
Types of Democracies: Parliamentary and Presidential